Main Article Content
As housing demand in India is continuously growing, different government schemes are being implemented to cater to the need of mass housing for the poor and lower income group people. Use of Cost-effective Eco-friendly Construction Technologies (CECT) in housing sector in India has the potential to be the most appropriate in terms of economy and acceptability. The reduced cost of building, enhancement of comfort level and non-compromise on safety would decide choice of CECT, which will also act as a market force and demand for such technologies is expected to grow-up. This paper explored the acceptability and adaptability potential of different CECTs with special emphasis on Rat-trap Bond Wall and Filler Slab Roof, through literature study and technical calculations and tried to evaluate the appropriateness of those.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
The copyright for all manuscripts/ documents belongs to the authors.
- Report of Technical Group on Urban Housing Shortage (TG-12)(2012-2017), Government of India, Ministry of Housing & Poverty Alleviation, National Building Orgnaisation.
- Working Group on Rural Housing for the 12th Five Year Plan, Government of India, Ministry of Rural Development
- Guidelines for Indira Awaas Yojana (IAY) [updated upto 31st May 2012], Ministry of Rural Development, Government of India.
- Reddy, B.V.V., 2004, “Sustainable building technologies”, Current Science, Vol. 87, No. 7: 899-907.
- Singh, M.K., Mahapatra, S., Atreya, S.K., 2007, “Development of bio-climatic zones in north-east India”, Energy and Buildings, 39: 1250–1257.
- Gut, P., Ackerknecht, D., 1993, Climate Responsive Building - Appropriate Building Construction in Tropical and Subtropical Regions. SKAT. 1993: 324.
- Society for excellence in Habitat development, Environment protection and Employment generation (SHEE), 2006: “Environment Friendly Indian Building Material Technologies for Cost Effective Housing”. www.unido.org/fileadmin/import/ 81363_23455.pdf
- Zami, M.S., and Lee, A., 2008, “Contemporary earth construction in urban housing – stabilised or unstabilised?” www.gla.ac.uk/media/media_129735_en.pdf. accessed 12.07.2012.
- Maini, S., 2005. Earthen architecture for sustainable habitat and compressed stabilised earth block technology. Programme of the city on heritage lecture on clay architecture and building techniques by compressed earth. Saudi Arabia & India High Commission of Riyadh City Development, The Auroville Earth Institute, Auroville Building Centre.
- Hadjri, K., Osmani, M., Baiche, B., Chifunda, C., 2007: “Attitudes towards earth building for Zambian housing provision”, Engineering Sustainability 160, Issue ES3: 141–149.
- Maity, D., Behera, S. K., Mishra, M., Majumdar, S., 2009, “Bamboo Reinforced Concrete Wall as a Replacement to Brick and Mud Wall”, Journal of The Institution of Engineers (India), Architecture Engineering Division, Vol. 90: 5-10.
- Building Material and Technology Promotion Council, India: “Bamboo - a material for cost effective and disaster resistant housing”
- National Disaster Management Division, Ministry of Home Affairs, India: “Multi Hazard Resistant New Construction”.
- Section-2, SP-25-1984, Bureau of Indian Standards
- Plummer, Harry C., 1960, “History of Masonry Cavity Walls”, Insulated Masonry Cavity Walls, Publication no. 793 of National Academy of Science – National Research Council, Washington D.C., 1960.
- Zackirson, Harry B. Sr., 1960, “Performance Experience with Low-rise Buildings”, Insulated Masonry Cavity Walls, Publication no. 793 of National Academy of Science – National Research Council, Washington D.C., 1960
- Sengupta, N., 2010, “Growth of Housing Sector in India - Application of Cost-effective Construction Technologies to reduce Greenhouse Gas Emission”, Journal of The Institution of Engineers (India), Architecture Engineering Division, Vol. 91: 5-16.
- Parsons. K., 1995, Standards for Thermal Comfort, 1st Edition, Chapman and Hall, London: xiii – xiv.
- Sengupta, N., 2008, “Use of cost-effective construction technologies in India to mitigate climate change”, Current Science, Vol. 94, No. 1.